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Since 2000 the illegal activities listed below have been grouped together and referred to as 'anti-social behaviour'. Anti-social behaviour has been defined as "the everyday nuisance, disorder and crime that has a huge impact on victims’ quality of life". The types of behaviour listed here affects our day-to-day environment, particularly in towns and cities.

Such anti-social behaviour is criminal, so offenders can be prosecuted, but during recent years both the UK and Scottish parliaments have legislated to provide a range of other measures designed to help tackle such behaviour more effectively, such as the anti-social behaviour order (“ASBO”) and fixed penalty notices (or 'on-the-spot' fines). These offer an alternative to criminal prosecution, a proportionate response to first-time or low-level incidents and a chance to intervene early and prevent behaviour from escalating.

Laws that deal with the environmental and anti-social behaviour offences that affect our communities include:

Litter

Part IV of the Environmental Protection Act 1990

as amended in England/Wales by

  • Part 3 of the Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005
  • Section 154 and Schedule 11, paragraphs 21 and 50 of the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014

as amended in Scotland by

Fly-tipping

Part II of the Environmental Protection Act 1990

as amended in England/Wales by

as amended in Scotland by

  • Section 55 of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004

Fly-posting

in England/Wales

Sections 131(2) and 132(1) of the Highways Act 1980
Section 224(3) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990
Sections 43 to 47 of the Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003, as amended by Part 4 of the Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005

in Scotland

Section 100(b) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984
Section 186(3) of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997

Graffiti

in England/Wales

Section 1 of the Criminal Damage Act 1971
Sections 43 to 47 of the Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003, as amended by Part 4 of the Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005
Sections 54 and 54A of the Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003, as amended by section 32 of the Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005

in Scotland

Section 52 of the Criminal Law (Consolidation) (Scotland) Act 1995
Sections 58 to 65 of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004
Sections 122 to 125 of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004

Dog fouling

in England

Part 4, chapter 2 of the Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014

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