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European laws

National Emission Ceilings Directive 2001/81/EC
sets limits on total emissions each member state can make, of sulphur dioxide, nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide, volatile organic compounds & ammonia from any source. It is for member states to decide how to control emissions so as to meet these overall limits.
Directive 2004/107/EC
sets ambient air quality standards and required European member states to monitor concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
The Air Quality Framework Directive 2008/50/EC
streamlines European air quality law. Sets ambient air quality standards and requires European member states to monitor concentrations of substances including sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter and lead.
The Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU
regulates air pollution emissions at source, as well as other kinds of industrial emissions.

UK National Laws

Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984
Local authorities can issue Traffic Regulation Orders (TROs) which can be used to reduce traffic related air pollution. Amended by the Transport Act 2000
The Clean Air Act 1993
gives local authorities smoke control powers including power to ban chimney smoke and the use of unauthorised fuels in designated areas.
Environment Act 1995
deals with local air quality management through a National Air Quality framework.
Transport Act 2000
requires local transport authorities to produce Local Transport Plans (LTPs) which tackle traffic issues including deterioration in air quality.
Finance Act 2000
Creates the Climate Change Levy which seeks to minimise greenhouse gases.
The Air Quality (England) Regulations 2000
set national objectives for local authorities.
The National Emission Ceilings Regulations 2002
give effect to the National Emission Ceilings Directive, by setting limits for total emissions of certain pollutants.
The Large Combustion Plants (National Emission Reduction Plan) Regulations 2007
implement the requirement under the European Large Combustion Plants Directive for governments to publish a National Emissions Reduction Plan (NERP).
The Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010
introduces a streamlined regime for regulating polluting activities, principally through environmental permits.
The Air Quality Standards Regulations 2010
set ambient air quality standards in England. The regulations give effect to two European Directives: the Air Quality Framework Directive 2008/50/EC and Directive 2004/107/EC (covering to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons).
The Air Quality Standards (Wales) Regulations 2010
similar to English regulations above.

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