What Is Contaminated Land?
It is possible to order the clean-up of land which is considered 'contaminated. Land is contaminated when there are polluting substances in, on or under the land. This may mean that the substances have been left in buildings or on land or that the substances are buried in the ground. It doesn't really matter what these substances are providing they are giving rise to significant harm or water pollution.
Every local council has a duty under Part 2A of the Environmental Protection Act (EPA) 1990 to devise a strategy to identify all contaminated sites within their area. Where contamination is found to be significant, the Council must actively take steps to remove or reduce the risk to people and the environment. If reports are made about problem sites then your local authority has a duty to investigate. If you contact them saying that you are worried about harmful substances on land in your local area, they should take your complaint seriously and check whether significant harm or water pollution is resulting from the presence of those substances.